Role of clearing and forwarding agents pdf article is about freight forwarders. For companies which forward mail and parcels but not cargo, see Commercial mail receiving agency.
This article needs additional citations for verification. The storefront of one of many freight forwarders located around Guangzhou’s garment districts. The list of destinations indicates that this business serves importers of Chinese clothes to countries such as Russia and Azerbaijan. International freight forwarders typically handle international shipments.
International freight forwarders have additional expertise in preparing and processing customs and other documentation and performing activities pertaining to international shipments. The FIATA shorthand description of the freight forwarder as the “Architect of Transport” illustrates the commercial position of the forwarder relative to its client. In Europe, some forwarders specialize in “niche” areas such as rail-freight, and collection and deliveries around a large port. One of the earliest freight forwarders was Thomas Meadows and Company Limited of London, England, established in 1836. According to “Understanding the Freight Business,” written and published by the executive staff of Thomas Meadows and Company in 1972, the advent of reliable rail transport and steamships created demand for the fledgling freight forwarding industry. Trade developed between Europe and North America, creating additional demand.
The original function of the forwarder was to arrange for carriage by contracting with various carriers. Forwarder responsibilities included advice on documentation and customs requirements in the country of destination. His correspondent agent overseas looked after his customers’ goods and kept him informed about matters that would affect movement of goods. In modern times, the forwarder accepts the same responsibilities. It operates either as a domestic carrier or otherwise with a corresponding agent overseas or with his own branch-office. International freight forwarders, NVOCCs and customs brokers often charge for transferring documents to another transportation company at destination. Freight forwarders must have a government license.
Transport Canada is the federal department responsible for implementing and enforcing transportation policies and programs. The Canada Border Services Agency is responsible for enforcing most regulations that affect international freight forwarders. International security measures are the dominant concern. 1948 to support and protect the character, status and interest of foreign freight forwarders by establishing uniform trade practice and regulations. CIFFA also plays an educational role by providing certificate and advanced certificate programs. 148 billion to the Irish economy. In Kenya and Tanzania freight forwarders are commonly referred to clearing and forwarding agents.