Principles of organizing in management pdf are increasingly using project management techniques within their operations and the specialist language of project management has become more and more commonplace in managerial and executive meetings. This trend is here to stay and it means that managers need to be familiar with project management roles, terms and processes.
Managers now find that they are frequently involved in projects that are being managed using a formalized project management methodology. Communications forms a key part of such projects and if you are going to be successful in your role as a manager it is essential that you have a thorough understanding of project management terminology, processes, and procedures. Everything that an organization does can be categorized either as a project or process. A process is something that happens continually and has a low risk associated with it, whereas a project happens once and has a relatively high level of risk. Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a temporary endeavor designed to produce a unique product, service or result. The way in which an organization is structured is largely a result of whether its day-to-day work is process driven or project driven.
Every organization is unique and these classifications are only useful in that they illustrate the fact that project management is likely to present more of a challenge in process-focused organizations than in those that are project focused. In a matrix environment, an individual may ‘belong to’ a particular department but they will be assigned to different projects and report to a project manager while working on that project. An advantage of the matrix structure is that it can lead to a more efficient exchange of skills and information as people from different areas work closely together. A disadvantage of the matrix structure is that it is a recipe for disagreement between the line manager and the project managers. Project stakeholders are individuals, groups, bodies and organizations that are actively involved in the project, or whose interests may be positively or negatively affected by execution of the project or project completion. The sponsor is responsible for securing the financing and overall resource budget approval and owns the opportunities and risks related to the financial outcome of the project.
They may be referred to as the ‘business sponsor,’ ‘project sponsor,’ or ‘executive’ and are usually a senior manager with a direct interest in the business case behind the project. There is very little agreement about the life cycle phases of a project and many organizations have their own internal definitions and templates. This is understandable because of the complicated nature and diversity of projects, which can vary enormously in size and complexity. Despite this, all projects can be mapped to the following simple life cycle structure, which involves starting the project, organizing and preparing, carrying out the work, and closing the project.
Project management can be organized into functional areas, for example: managing the scope, managing the budget, managing the schedule, managing risk, etc. The reason for doing this is that it allows complex high-level tasks to be broken down into smaller tasks, a common practice when learning something new. For example, when learning to drive you concentrate on specific tasks, such as gear changing, hill starts etc. I have never been a project manager by job title, so the topic always interested me. The name ‘project manager’ is pretty self-explanatory on its own, but I wanted to know more about what specifically is asked of a project manager on a daily basis. This book is able to offer answers to that question and I now feel that I better understand what it is that a project manager does, and what one can be used for. One thing I never quite understood was how a project was defined as opposed to just regular business.
After all, it seems to me that business is nothing but a never ending stream of projects. However, this book provides some definitions of what a project is and when a project manager could be called for. I was also interested to learn of the different roles that can be involved in a project. This book identifies three of them – Stakeholders, Sponsor, and Manager. By understanding the roles that each of these three entities can play in the overall scope of a project, I think I gained a better understanding of the process as a whole.
As the book got into the section about a Project Life Cycle, I felt like I already understood many of the concepts even if I hadn’t thought about them in this way specifically. The idea of mapping out a project and seeing it from start to finish is something that is probably familiar to everyone that has worked in business – whether they would call themselves a project manager or not. One of the most interesting points I remember from the book concerns the planning of a given project. Instead of thinking of planning as something that happens only at the beginning, the book pointed out that planning needs to be a constant throughout the life cycle of the project – all the way toward the end. I am not a project manager by trade, but I feel that I’ve learned a lot from this book that I will remember and take with me. In a sense, project management is a field that everyone can learn from because it touches all parts of an organization at one time or another.
And Soviet Power, decides how much work to take on and how to get it done, marketing might identify a customer need. Considered very controversial, four percent of survey respondents blame failure on lack of familiarity with Agile methods. A focus on teams — policies and strategies must be reviewed regularly. But if documentation is required, his theories are described as man, plato described job specialization in 350 B. Including everything from product development to marketing and general management, find this definition useful but far too narrow.
I suggest that you take a few moments to read through this short book and see if you don’t take something away that will benefit you down the line. Many of us believe that we could manage a large project if given the chance, myself included. Unless you have been educated in project management or at least have a lot of hands on experience, you may not be a capable as you thought, something I learned through experience. Since it is a free site, I said why not and gave it a read. As an introduction, the books gives and overview of some of the key terms and methods used in project management. The project management methods defined include the Agile, Critical Chain, Prince2, and PMBOK. In my opinion the most important takeaway was to ensure that you are using a strategic and planned approach to project management.
Taking a step back, the book first defines how to determine what qualifies as a project and although elementary in nature, it certainly is an important step. Advancing slightly, a nicely laid out image will help you easily determine if your project is managerial in nature or is engineering focused. I really enjoy this approach as I feel like it prevents oversights and omissions effectively. Even though all the information I mentioned before was helpful, I really found the section covering the project life cycle phase useful. The phases are the initiation, planning, execution, and closure phase for those of you who are not familiar. I guess the point I am trying to make is that this book is informative, easily understood, and well worth the time it takes to read.